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加密货币太高调?英国警方草拟比特币罚没指南

英国警方计划了解比特币

上周,N8 Policing Research Partnership(N8警务合作研究组织)发布了一篇报告,报告中详述了他们为英国执法部门提供的《比特币罚没指南》。该报告指出,不法分子更倾向于在勒索软件和暗网活动等犯罪场景中使用加密货币。报告还提到,比特币在非法活动中应用频次最高的加密货币,N8认为,英国警员必须了解这项新的技术。

加密货币逐渐成为了各类犯罪活动中常见的价值交易方式。这个合作项目聚集了来自不同学科以及实践领域的专家,旨在探索加密货币在犯罪活动中的应用带来的挑战,包括调查、定罪证据寻找以及罪犯的起诉等。

一线警员必须学习比特币

这个N8警务报告详细指出,执法部门必须普及并学习有关比特币交易所、比特币ATM(BTM)、司法追踪工具、理论指南以及帮助官员定义比特币活动的手册等事务。另外,报告还建议警方使用“第一级——比特币专家、区域性网络犯罪部门、数字媒体调查部门以及第四级——一线警员和调查者”监管结构。

其中,第四级——一线警员——所有英国警员应强制学习一套比特币电子教材(NCLAT),以了解如何辨认比特币活动,并且能够寻求进一步建议。

比特币没收指南

N8警务合作研究组织由来自英格兰北部的高级研究者以及警务工作者组成。该组织旨在标准化当地警员网络以及改进“警务创新”。该团队研究数字货币和区块链已经超过两年的时间,并且希望他们的建议能够被立法者采纳。

报告提到:

作为该项目的一部分,报告进行了相关的研究且提出了建议,为警员搭建立法框架以合法罚没比特币。我们已经向内政部提出法律修订建议,定义比特币为现金,从而达到现金没收立法的目的。

该项目涉及了大量的实践和理论问题以进行进一步研究,也就是比特币与犯罪所得的关系。

目前,该研究小组表示他们正在草拟一个“详细的《比特币罚没指南》”,它能够为警员提供这类资金没收的全面指导。N8解释道,这个指南是基于他们与国际执法部门合作伙伴共同研究的结果。

UK Police Aim to Understand Bitcoin

UK Police Drafts Detailed Bitcoin Seizure GuideLast week the ‘N8 Policing Research Partnership’ published a report that explains how they would like to see UK law enforcement handle bitcoin seizures. The report claims that criminals prefer to use cryptocurrencies in crimes like ransomware, dark web activities and more. The paper says bitcoin is the most favored cryptocurrency employed in illicit activities and N8 believes UK-based officers need to grasp this new technology.

“Cryptocurrencies have increasingly become a common method of value exchange in a number of types of criminal activity,” explains the four-page proposal. “This collaborative project has brought together a variety of experts from different disciplines and practices to explore the challenges posed by criminal use of cryptocurrency with regard to the investigation, production of conclusive evidence of wrongdoing, and prosecution of offenders.”

Frontline Officers Must Complete a ‘Mandatory Bitcoin e-Learning Package’

The N8 police report details that law enforcement needs education on things like bitcoin exchanges, bitcoin ATMs, forensic tracing tools, a literature guide, and a booklet designed to help officers identify bitcoin activity. Additionally, the reports suggests that police departments utilize “Tier 1-Bitcoin experts, Regional Cyber Crime Units, Digital Media Investigators, and Tier 4-Frontline officers and investigators.”

Tier 4 – Frontline officers — All UK police staff should be required to complete a mandatory Bitcoin e-learning package (NCLAT), on how to identify bitcoin activity and who to contact for further advice.

The Detailed Bitcoin Seizure Guide

UK Police Drafts Detailed Bitcoin Seizure GuideThe N8 Police Research Partnership is a network of policing practitioners and senior researchers located around Northern England. The group aims to formalize regional officer networking and improve “police innovation.” The team has been studying digital currencies and blockchains for over two years and hopes their recommendations will be favored by lawmakers.

“As part of the project, research was conducted and advice sought regarding the legislative framework available for officers to lawfully seize bitcoin,” details N8’s report. “A recommendation has also been made to the Home Office regarding a potential legislative amendment to categorise bitcoin as cash for the purpose of cash seizure legislation.”

The project has identified a number of practical and intellectual issues for further research, namely how bitcoin relates to the Proceeds of Crime Act.

Currently, the research group says they are drafting a “detailed bitcoin seizure guide” which provides a full walkthrough for officers on how to seize these types of funds. N8 explains the guide is based on research conducted with a group of international law enforcement partners.


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    Tlind-org在 2017/08/22 23:09回复

    保密资料不要泄露给其他人。 安全很重要

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